Articles

Maximum fill volume in propane, butane and LPG pressurized storage tanks

6/19/2024

This article details the maximum fill volume for propane, butane and LPG storage tanks at processing facilities.

Protecting LNG processes

6/19/2024

The LNG process chain includes several complex and diverse processes, from extraction, liquefaction and transport to consumption. To ensure the safety of these processes, pressure relief devices such as safety valves and rupture discs are required throughout various aspects of the LNG process chain to prevent serious accidents caused by overpressure.

Global Projects Data

6/19/2024

This article provides a summary of active gas processing and LNG projects around the world, including total project numbers, and market share by region and activity level.

Carbon formation and removal in the steam reforming process

6/19/2024

This article documents research by various recognized authors and sources on the basis of reforming carbon formation and removal, how catalyst potassium promotion can help to remove the carbon laydown and reduce the steam-to-carbon ratio, as well as the calculation basis of the steam-to-carbon ratio over the steam reforming process.

Global pipelines construction outlook 2024—Part 2

6/19/2024

This article will provide a forecast on pipeline construction in Africa, Asia, Europe, Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), and the Middle East.

Insight hub: Pipeline data assessment and analysis

6/18/2024

This article examines how an operator's pipeline data can be used to add efficiencies to operations.

The science behind amine column corrosion and remedial solutions

4/16/2024

This article examines how and why corrosion takes place within amine columns and the corrosion mitigation strategies available.

Global pipelines construction outlook 2024: New LNG terminals sound call for more pipelines—Part 1

4/16/2024

Mike Reed, Editor-in-Chief, Pipeline & Gas Journal, provides an overview of capital investments in pipeline construction. Part 1 examines capacity builds in North America, and Central and South America.

Drive energy efficiency and reduce emissions with dry gas sealing solutions

4/16/2024

Centrifugal compressors play a critical role in efficiently transporting the large volumes of natural gas used as a feedstock and fuel source in industries ranging from oil and gas to petrochemicals to liquefied natural gas (LNG). An effective sealing system is crucial to keeping a compressor running at peak efficiency. This article details the benefits of utilizing dry gas seals in these operations.

Detect operator-induced faults on a liquid expander

4/16/2024

This case study examines a fault during the startup of liquid expanders in an LNG facility.

Three emerging threats: Climate change, vandalism and cyber-attack

4/16/2024

Pipeline integrity management systems (PIMSs) are now common practice, driven by the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) requirements in the U.S. This article discusses the threats associated with climate change, vandalism and cyber-attack from the perspective of existing risk models.

Global Projects Data

4/16/2024

A quick look at total project numbers by region.

Innovations - April

4/15/2024

These are the latest innovations in the gas processing, natural gas pipelines and LNG industries.

ISO/ASME-compliant composite pipe repair system

4/15/2024

Pipelines, especially those of large diameter, can efficiently transport large volumes of liquids and gases over long distances.

Shutdown and startup of an amine system

3/7/2024

This work demonstrates best practices when shutting down and starting up an amine system

How tech is laying the foundation for future LNG success and compliance

3/7/2024

This work details some of the ways LNG operators are embracing and deploying technology to close the gaps that exist in their ESG compliance infrastructures and emerging operational needs.

Global Project Data

3/7/2024

A snapshot of the global gas processing and LNG project landscape.

Enhance efficiency and decarbonize gas operations with the organic Rankine cycle

3/7/2024

In the gas sector, recovering the waste heat available from processing operations and converting it into carbon-free electricity represents a good opportunity with effective outcomes for emissions reduction and energy savings. This article explores using the organic Rankine cycle to captured waste heat for power generation.

Mitigating methane emissions: Digital strategies for the energy industry

3/7/2024

As the world continues to prioritize solutions to curb climate change, more digital tools will help scale innovation and assist hard-to-abate industries with accelerating their GHG mitigation efforts. This article dives into how digital technologies are helping to mitigate emissions.

Navigating the complex LNG value chain

3/7/2024

Capturing efficiency and visibility across the LNG value chain is possible with modern technologies. This article examines how boundless automation is managing data seamlessly from the field to the edge and into the cloud. This includes a move toward holistic, seamlessly integrated energy logistics software solutions that help operators visualize and manage the LNG value chain from end-to-end.

Optimized high-pressure injection system design

3/7/2024

This article details an optimization opportunity that was taken in a high-pressure injection system after a thorough evaluation during the Hawiyah Unayzah Gas Reservoir Storage (HUGRS) project in Saudi Arabia.

How boil-off gas APC exceeded expectations at an Australian LNG plant

3/7/2024

The use of advanced process control (APC) technology on LNG liquefaction trains is well accepted with some of the earliest implementations developed in the late 1990s.

New inlet feed gas conditioning technology for contaminant removal in amine units

12/1/2023

While many amine units function well over the life of the LNG facility, some are prone to periodic or even frequent foaming events. This article discusses likely causes and potential solutions to these foaming episodes in amine units, which also apply to gas treating in general.

The race for clean energy: LNG and LH2 as the next frontier in fuel technology

11/30/2023

This article presents a comparison of LNG and LH2 as fuels, and discusses the properties and characteristics of both, including energy density, transportation, storage, safety, environmental impact, availability and cost.

Optimizing waste heat recovery systems for more efficient, sustainable operations

11/2/2023

In the natural gas sector, recovering available waste heat from processing operations and converting it into carbon-free electricity can represent a significant opportunity to reduce emissions and increase energy savings.

European LNG: The current market and its future

10/18/2023

The European LNG market is often characterized as a single homogenized LNG market. However, there are several distinct LNG markets within Europe, and LNG plays different roles and has different strategic and geopolitical importance in different parts of the continent. This article examines the current state of Europe's LNG market.

The story behind engineering the world’s largest post-combustion carbon capture plant

9/1/2023

VPI—a power generator and owner of a 1,260-MW combined-cycle natural gas power plant based in Immingham, UK, adjacent to the Humber Oil refinery—is set to play a pivotal role in decarbonizing the region, as it plans to transform its existing facility into the largest post-combustion carbon capture plant of its type in the world.

How LNG exporters in the U.S. can take full advantage of their opportunities

9/1/2023

In 2021, the U.S. was the third leading exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG), behind only Australia and Qatar.

Integrate a heat exchanger in a debutanizer cooling system

9/1/2023

Air temperature plays a key role in determining the efficiency of air fan coolers in the summer months.

How to optimize energy consumption to beat rising costs

9/1/2023

Most individuals and organizations rely on natural gas in one form or another, from small-scale residential appliances (e.g., stoves, heaters) to large-scale feedstock for farming fertilizers in food production, fired equipment at a processing facility or transportation purposes.