U.S. natgas slips ahead of storage report on forecasts for less demand
U.S. natural gas futures slipped about 2% on October 20, 2021 on forecasts for slightly lower demand next week and a easing of gas prices in Europe ahead of a U.S. storage report expected to show a bigger-than-usual build for a sixth week in a row.
That price decline came despite forecasts for cooler weather and higher heating demand this week and record gas prices in Asia that will keep demand for U.S. LNG exports strong. Even with the cooler forecast, the U.S. weather was still expected to remain milder than normal through early November.
Analysts forecast U.S. utilities added 90 Bft3 of gas into storage during the week ended Oct. 15. That compares with an increase of 49 bcf in the same week last year and a five-year (2016-2020) average increase of 69 Bft3. If correct, last week's injection would boost stockpiles to 3.459 Tft3, which would be 4.2% below the five-year average of 3.612 Tft3 for this time of year. Front-month gas futures fell 9.3 cents, or 1.8%, to $5.077 per MMBtu at 8:04 a.m. EDT.
In early October, U.S. gas prices soared to their highest since 2008 on expectations global competition for LNG would keep demand for U.S. exports strong. But after weeks of mild weather, U.S. prices dropped about 25% amid growing belief that the United States will have more than enough gas in storage for the winter heating season.
Around the world, however, gas prices were still at or near record highs as utilities scramble for more gas to refill dangerously low stockpiles in Europe and meet insatiable demand in Asia. High prices and energy shortages have already caused power cuts in Asia and some industries in both Europe and Asia to shut or curtail manufacturing activities. But no matter how high global gas prices rise, U.S. LNG export plants were already operating near full capacity and will not be able to produce much more LNG until later in the year.
Data provider Refinitiv said output in the U.S. Lower 48 states rose to an average of 92.0 Bft3 so far in October, up from 91.1 Bft3 in September. Refinitiv projected average U.S. gas demand, including exports, would rise from 86.1 bcfd this week to 87.6 Bft3 next week as more homes and businesses turn on their heaters with a seasonal cooling of the weather. With gas prices near $31 per MMBtu in Europe and $36 in Asia, versus just $5 in the U.S., traders said buyers around the world will keep purchasing all the LNG the U.S. could produce.
Refinitiv said the amount of gas flowing to U.S. LNG export plants averaged 10.4 Bft3 so far in October, the same as in September, but was expected to rise in coming weeks as more liquefaction trains exit maintenance outages. But the United States only has capacity to turn about 10.5 Bft3/d of gas into LNG. In the power market, next-day prices at the ERCOT North Hub <EL-PK-ERTN-SNL> in Texas jumped to $145 per megawatt hour for Wednesday and $235 for Thursday from $44 for Tuesday as homes and businesses crank up their air conditioners to escape a late October hot spell.
Throughput optimization for pipelines and gas plants
Many processes within oil and gas pipelines and processing plants depend on maintaining specific temperatures and pressures at which the process fluids are liquids or gases. In addition, anytime water is a component in the process fluid hydrates can form and plug piping and vessels. Learn how Sensia’s Throughput optimization solution allows operators, and control systems to “see inside” the process in real time to understand where the facility is operating with respect to critical physical constants, including the phase envelope and hydrate temperature. This insight allows for more stable operation, reduced energy expenditure and associated emissions, and greater facility throughput. Case studies will include controlling methanol injection, managing heaters, virtual sensors for sulfur recovery units and more.
April 1, 2021 10:00 AM CDT