Shipping company CMA CGM chooses LNG to fuel its biggest ships
The CMA CGM Group announced its decision to equip its nine future ships of 22,000 Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit (TEUs), delivered in 2020, with engines using LNG.
|Photo courtesy of CMA CGM.
CMA CGM is becoming the first shipping company in the world to equip giant containerships with this type of motorization, thus pursuing its firm commitment to the protection of the environment and to ocean conservation.
The use of LNG is a real technological breakthrough that will yield significant benefits compared to heavy fuel oil:
- Up to 25% less CO2
- 99% less sulfur emissions
- 99% less fine particles
- 85% less nitrogen oxides emissions
Moreover, the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI), which measures a ship’s environmental footprint, is improved by 20% compared to ships only propelled by fuel oil.
These containerships will be LNG-powered—a few percent of marine gas oil will only be used for the ignition in the combustion chamber.
GTT has been chosen by the shipyard Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding (Group) Co. Ltd., member of China State Shipbuilding Corporation conglomerate, and by shipowner CMA CGM for the design of cryogenic tanks for the nine LNG-fuelled container ships. Of these nine units, the membrane tanks will be built by Hudong-Zhonghua, who will also be in charge of building five vessels, Shanghai Waigaoqiao Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. building the other four. The deliveries of the nine vessels will take place between the end of 2019 and the end of 2020.
GTT will design the LNG fuel tanks, which represent a capacity of 18,600 m3 per ship. The membrane insulation system Mark III developed by GTT has been chosen for its space optimization allowing a maximum usage of cargo capacity.
By choosing LNG, the CMA CGM Group goes beyond current and future regulations that limit the sulfur cap to 0.5% in 2020. The Group is also fully in line with the Paris Agreement and the ongoing discussions at the international level.
Between 2005 and 2015, the Group has reduced its CO2 emissions per container transported per kilometer by 50% and has set up an ambitious plan to further reduce its CO2 emissions by 30% between 2015 and 2025.
The ongoing development of shale gas resources in the US has spurred infrastructure construction for both natural gas processing capacity and LNG export terminals.
Russian natural gas monopoly Gazprom is strengthening its presence in the gas market of the Middle East through the planned construction of an 11-metric-MMtpy–12-metric-MMtpy LNG plant in Iran.
The New LNG Imperative
The shale gas boom established the US as the world’s leading natural gas producer and is responsible for billions of dollars of investments in the US gas processing industry. Since 2012, the US has witnessed unprecedented growth in new gas processing capacity and infrastructure. This rise is due to greater production of domestic shale gas, which is providing cheap, available feedstock to fuel the domestic gas processing, LNG and petrochemical industries. New gas processing projects include the construction of billions of cubic feet per day of new cryogenic and gas processing capacity, NGL fractionators, multi-billion-dollar pipeline infrastructure projects, and the development of millions of tons per year of new LNG export terminal construction. Attend this webcast to hear from Lee Nichols, Editor/Associate Publisher, Hydrocarbon Processing, Scott Allgood, Director-Data Services, Energy Web Atlas and Peregrine Bush, Senior Cartographic Editor, Petroleum Economist as they discuss the future of LNG and the application of Energy Web Atlas, a web-based GIS platform which allows users to track real-time information for every LNG project.
November 29, 2017 10am CST