Gas Processing & LNG is Produced by Gulf Publishing Holdings LLC



GPA Europe '19: Novatek records great achievements with Yamal LNG project

By Adrienne Blume, Editor, Gas Processing & LNG and Executive Editor, Hydrocarbon Processing

AMSTERDAM—On the afternoon of Day 1 of the GPA Europe Spring Conference, Christian Bladanet of TechnipFMC­ spoke to attendees about the execution and achievements of the Yamal LNG export project in Russia.

Christian Bladanet of TechnipFMC
Christian Bladanet of TechnipFMC

Private Russian firm Novatek commissioned its Yamal LNG project in 2017 after taking FID in early 2013. Full production was achieved in December 2018. The terminal comprises three LNG trains of 5.5 MMtpy each, and is 50.1% owned by Novatek, 20% held by Total, 20% owned by China National Petroleum Corp. and 9.9% held by China's Silk Road Fund.

An icy challenge. The average winter temperature at the project site is –10°C, and the minimum temperature is around –50°C. The sea is frozen nearly nine months of the year. Although LNG liquefaction is a cryogenic operation, some parts of the LNG plant do not operate at cryogenic temperatures, Bladanet explained.

To solve this challenge, 1,850 km of heating cables, 3,000 electrical heat tracing circuits and 46,000 junction boxes were installed at the plant, and 41 MW of absorbed power is utilized—roughly the power of one gas turbine.

Another interesting design concept, Bladanet said, is that the Yamal plant is built on permafrost. Thermosyphon heat pipes were installed onsite to avoid melting of the permafrost.

Custom process design. The site also features a complex, first-of-a-kind refrigerant compressor configuration. Instead of having two compressors in series, all the services were placed on the same shaft, with two shafts in parallel. Two dynamic simulations were run to ensure that the process configuration would work successfully.

The implementation of a front-end NGL recovery unit brought the advantages of higher liquefaction pressure, better tolerance to lean gas, and early refrigerant production. "These advantages work to increase the overall efficiency of the system," Bladanet explained.

Construction plan. Achievements for the construction of Yamal LNG include the fabrication of 142 modules in just three years, and the continuation of construction activities involving 23,500 people throughout the frigid winter months.

However, logistical challenges were present in the shipping of modules from fabrication yards to the project site. At 103 m long, the longest modularized building the world was moved for the project. The heaviest module weighed 7,200 metric tons.

Commissioning and startup. The first LNG cargo was sent in December 2017, one year before the final performance tests were successfully carried out and the plant became fully operational. During this time, all three trains were started up—an impressive achievement for this far north LNG terminal.

Continuous operation above 100% has been observed since full operations were achieved, and partial production has been maintained above 26°C. Also, an enhanced throughput program takes advantage of colder months of the year to increase LNG production, Bladanet explained.

At present, TechnipFMC is conducting studies at the request of the operator to see how far production can be pushed, and so it is verifying the mechanical integrity of the plant.

"It's very likely that next year, between October and March, the project will be producing even more LNG," Bladanet said.

The GPA Europe Spring Conference is taking place at the Shell Technology Center in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, from 15–17 May.

 

 


Copyright © 2019. All market data is provided by Barchart Solutions. Futures: at least a 10 minute delay. Information is provided 'as is' and solely for informational purposes, not for trading purposes or advice. To see all exchange delays and terms of use, please see disclaimer.

                                  CMEGroup                                     Icelogo

FEATURED COLUMNS

Editorial Comment
-Adrienne Blume
The $26-B small-scale LNG market is gaining exciting traction this year.
Regional Focus: Singapore moves closer to becoming a global LNG trading hub
-Eugene Gerden
Amid strong demand for LNG in the Asia-Pacific region and the need to secure regular gas supplies on a large scale, Singapore may become a major regional hub for LNG trade.
Show Preview
-Adrienne Blume
For the third time in its 47-yr history, Gastech is returning to Houston, Texas.


Reliable Operations & Saving OPEX for Gas Plant Refrigeration – Selecting the right technologies

Register Now

By selecting integrally geared turbocompressors for gas plant refrigeration duty coupled with a mag bearing turboexpander, operators get the added values of technology with highly reliable operations and reduced OPEX. Join Sami Tabaza and Chris Blackmer from Atlas Copco Gas and Process for a presentation followed by Q&A surrounding the turbocompressor and turboexpander technologies that can efficiently and reliably fit your gas plant design and operation to get the advantages of both technologies.

June 18, 2019 10:00 AM CDT

Register Now

 

Please read our Term and Conditions, Cookies Policy, and Privacy Policy before using the site. All material subject to strictly enforced copyright laws.
© 2019 Gulf Publishing Holdings LLC.