According to GIIGNL’s 2018 Annual Report, global LNG trade expanded by 3.5 Bft3d in 2018, to 38.2 Bft3d—a record 10% increase. Among the 19 exporters, the US and Australia contributed more than 75% (2.7 Bft3d) of the increase volume.
Asia led the growth in LNG imports among the world’s 40 importers, accounting for 74% (2.6 Bft3d) of the increase volume. China measured the largest expansion in imports, prompted by coal-to-gas switching.
The increasing prominence of Asian importers in LNG trade was confirmed by speakers at the LNG Industry Breakfast at the Offshore Technology Conference in May. Takuma Iino, Deputy Director of the Petroleum and Natural Gas Division at Japan’s METI, said that gas demand in East Asia could expand by approximately 2.5 times between 2018 and 2030.
Reinforcing this idea, Robert Fee, Chief of Staff at US LNG exporter Cheniere Energy, noted that of the more than 200 LNG cargoes exported from Cheniere’s Sabine Pass terminal in 2017, 46% were delivered to Asia.
Alex Munton, Principal Analyst, Americas LNG Research at Wood Mackenzie, confirmed that the gas balance is shifting in many Asian countries from pipeline gas imports to LNG. A combination of interrelated factors is driving this growth, including more competitive LNG pricing, insufficient supplies of pipeline gas, clean air policies and market liberalization. Asia’s less developed and less liquid market structure also provides significant opportunities for LNG to enter Asia, especially from the US. GP
As discussed in the HPI Market Data 2019 report, published in November by Gas Processing & LNG’s sister publication, Hydrocarbon Processing, rising propane and ethane supplies in the US have been enabled by greater production of shale gas.
Industry Trends: Norway targets global LNG market
Norway aims to become a leading player in the global LNG market during the next several years through the establishment of new, large-scale LNG terminals.
Regional Focus: Challenges of scaling up Africa’s LNG production
Several gas projects are underway in Africa, but they continue to be constrained by inadequate infrastructure, slow finance mobilization, lack of security and uncertainty over hydrocarbon regulations that are casting doubt on the outcome of the continent’s drive to meet its anticipated 128% gas demand increase by 2040.
GasPro 2.0: A Webcast Symposium
The global LNG industry is becoming increasingly interconnected as grassroots export projects get off the ground. Another technology route for processing gas into fuels—GTL—is attracting renewed attention due to improving economics. Small-scale solutions for both LNG and GTL are at the forefront of new technological developments, while major projects using more conventional technologies continue to start up around the world.
During this webcast, we will focus on LNG, GTL, gas processing technology developments and deployments, operations, small-scale solutions, transportation, trading, distribution, safety, regulatory affairs, business analysis and more.
October 25, 2018 08:30 AM CDT